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Periodontal & Gum Disease Treatment

What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an inflammatory condition affecting the gums and supporting structures around the teeth. Common signs of gum disease include red or swollen gums, bleeding during brushing or flossing, persistent bad breath, and gum recession. If you suspect gum disease, it is essential to consult a dentist. Periodontal disease is prevalent in the US, affecting around 47.2% of adults aged 30 and older, according to the CDC. While genetic factors play a role, prevention is possible through good oral hygiene practices, including regular brushing, flossing, and dental check-ups. Risk factors such as smoking, diabetes, and hormonal changes increase susceptibility. 

How do you treat Gum Disease?

The treatment of gum disease varies based on the severity of the condition. In the early stages (gingivitis), professional dental cleanings to remove plaque and tartar, coupled with improved oral hygiene practices, are often sufficient. This includes regular brushing, flossing, and antimicrobial mouthwash use. For more advanced cases, treatments may involve scaling and root planing, a deep cleaning procedure to remove bacteria from below the gumline. In severe cases, surgical interventions like flap surgery or bone and tissue grafts may be necessary. Ongoing maintenance with regular dental check-ups and consistent oral hygiene practices is crucial for managing and preventing the recurrence of gum disease. Individualized treatment plans are developed based on the patient's specific condition and needs.

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